History Assignment代寫:歷史和性別

2017-02-12 00:53

然而,有時可以說,女性的屬性在女王的統治時期派上用場。例如,伊麗莎白會用女性比喻對她有利,而在其他的時間操縱男性的特點適合她。而把自己的母親或妻子的國家,在政治領域,她會坐在她的性取向上籬笆,–政治雌雄同體。Tilbury的演講或許是這種操縱的男性和女性的性別特征最明顯的例子。雖然我們無法確定Tilbury戶口是多么的真實,如果我們把它的表面價值伊麗莎白曾說“我知道我的身體只是一個柔弱女子捍衛她的力量和統治;但我有一個國王的心和胃,和一個英國的國王”[ 15 ]。據說伊麗莎白已經從瑪麗的錯誤中吸取了教訓,因此在某種程度上,她相信會讓公眾在“利用她的性別使自己更強大,更能夠命令的忠誠,她可能會做如果她是個男人”[ 16 ],并通過這樣做,她還是一個比較成功的并長期統治的女王。然而,作為一個女性國王,性別特征的操縱并不是成功的唯一關鍵。 一個長期而成功的統治,將取決于國王或女王能夠擔任君主的權力,并能夠顯示自己的合法性和權威。君主的加冕典禮是一個重大的儀式,用來表示一個新的統治者的到來。一個君主的加冕典禮是“沉浸在中世紀教會禮儀和信仰的邏輯王權[…]依靠廣播他們的合法性和神性”[ 17 ]。盡管“國王的兩個身體”,這是嚴重依賴,認為國王的身體和精神身體仍然是分開的。這意味著,即使他是人類的國王死了,精神體王權會轉嫁為“象征著他的辦公室的威嚴與神圣的統治權”[ 18 ]。然而,仍然有眼睛的人的“需要在目前的“移情”[ 19 ]的信念。很明顯,加冕程序幾乎普遍為國王和王后,例行公事之后,盡管君主的性別和同一個拉丁語祈禱和贊美詩唱。在瑪麗的第二個議會統治她強制的法規,“ungendered冠宣布女王的權威,國王相同。”[ 20 ]與皇冠ungendered適合男性和女性的統治者。1559伊麗莎白一世加冕“已辨認那些目睹了1458”[ 21 ]她祖父的儀式。兩加冕之間的這種相似性表明性別的重視程度不足,在儀式上,因此兩者之間的相似性加冕的國王和皇后為尺。然而,在訴訟過程中的這種相似性并不意味著,無論是男性或女性統治者,平等的接受,而日常保持不變的公眾和當局的意見可能已經改變。常規的加冕禮是最有可能由于傳統和期望,而不是發展到一女王的驗收。

History Assignment代寫:歷史和性別

Yet at times it could be argued that the attributes of females came in handy during a Queen’s time as ruler. For instance, Elizabeth would use the women trope to her advantage while at other times manipulating male traits to suit her case. While portraying herself as mother or wife to the nation, in the political sphere she would sit her sexuality on the fence – a political hermaphrodite. The Tilbury speech is perhaps the most obvious example of this manipulation of both male and female gendered traits. Though we are uncertain of just how truthful the Tilbury account is, if we take it at face value Elizabeth appeared to defend her strength and rulership by claiming “I know I have the body but of a weak and feeble woman; but I have the heart and stomach of a king, and of a king of England too”[15]. It was believed that Elizabeth had learnt from Mary’s mistakes and therefore acted in a way which she believe would please the public while “exploiting her gender to render herself more powerful, more able to command loyalty, than she might have done if she were a man”[16] and through doing this she managed a relatively successful and long reign as Queen. However manipulation of gender traits was not the only key to success as a Female King.

A long and successful reign would rely on the King or Queen being able to hold power as monarch, and to be able to show their legitimacy and authority. The coronation of the monarch was a major ceremony used to show the coming of a new ruler. A Monarch’s coronation was “steeped in liturgy of the medieval church and the devotional logic of kingship […] relied upon for broadcasting their legitimacy and divinity”[17]. It was relied upon heavily despite the ‘King’s two bodies’, the idea that the physical and spiritual body of a king remain separate. This meant that even though the King dies for he is human, the spiritual body of Kingship would be passed on as “a symbol of his office as majesty with the divine right to rule”[18]. Yet there remained in the eyes of the people a “need for and a belief in a moment of ‘transferences’”[19]. Quite significantly, the coronation proceedings were almost universal for both King and Queen, the same routine was followed despite the gender of the monarch and the same Latin prayers and hymns sung. In Mary’s second parliament of reign she enforced a statute that “ungendered the Crown and declared that a queen’s authority was identical to that of a king.”[20] With the crown ungendered it was suited to both male and female rulers. In 1559 the coronation of Elizabeth I would “have been recognisable to those who witnessed her grandfather’s ceremony in 1458”[21]. This similarity between the two coronations shows the lack of emphasis on gender during the ceremony and therefore the similarity between coronation for both King and Queen as ruler. This similarity in proceedings does not mean, however, that there was equal acceptance for either Male or Female ruler, while routine stays the same the opinion of the public and of the authorities may have changed. Routine coronation was most probably due to tradition and expectation rather than a progression to the acceptance of a Female King.