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麥考瑞assignment代寫:美國憲法

2017-04-05 00:21

美國憲法是書面形式,如前所述,它是一個完整描述憲法的文件。這部憲法是美國聯邦制度的關鍵,它的重點在于制衡,關鍵因素是在其州建立地方電力系統。憲法的作者不希望君主立憲政體或政府讓人想起英國,而是采用法國政治理論家孟德斯鳩的一些理論,他主張分權(1)。立憲派的父親們試圖建立一個不腐敗的政府。Lord Acton說,一個世紀后,“權力導致腐敗,絕對的權力導致絕對的腐敗”[ 2 ],因此他們建立了立法、行政和司法部門,這是彼此分開的。即使他們已經分開的不同分支,他們還制定了制衡在眾議院制定的法律必須在參議院獲得批準的權力,一旦獲得在參議院提出的誰有權否決總統;另一方面,國會有權切斷基金經理[ 3 ]。司法部門有權宣布新的法律違憲,并保持其他部門的檢查[ 4 ]。開國元勛們想進一步削弱權力,創造地區或州政府,他們能夠為自己的地區制定自己的立法,甚至進一步破壞政府。幾年后增加了一項權利法案,目的是保護公民不受政府的保護。
麥考瑞assignment代寫:美國憲法
The American constitution is the written version and as stated before it is one document that describes the constitution in its entirety. This constitution is the key to the America’s federal system, which was focused on checks and balances and a key factor was creating local power systems in its states. The constitutional writers did not want a constitutional monarchy or a government reminiscent of Britain; they instead adopted some of the theories of French political theorist Montesquieu, who advocated a separation of powers[1]. The constitutional fathers were attempting to set up a government that would be free of corruption. As Lord Acton stated a century later, “power corrupts and absolute power corrupts absolutely”[2], thus they set up legislative, executive, and judiciary branches which were separate from one another. Even though they had separated the powers between the different branches they also instituted checks and balances where laws enacted in the House of Representatives had to gain approval in the Senate, once obtained in the Senate it was presented to the President who had the right to veto the legislation; on the other hand congress had the right to cut off funds to the executive[3]. The Judiciary Branch has the power to declare new legislation unconstitutional and keeps the other branches in check[4]. The founding fathers wanted to fragment power even further and created regional or state governments which are able to enact their own legislation for their own region which fractured government even further. A Bill of Rights was added a few years later with the purpose of protecting the citizens from the government.

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