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昆士蘭代寫assignment:比較類型學

2017-07-08 16:59

比較研究有三種類型。它們是比較歷史語言學、比較類型學語言學和對比語言學。比較歷史語言學是在19世紀發展起來的,目的是在語言群之間找到共同的基因聯系。比較類型學語言學根據它們的特點和特點來分類語言。注意,屬于給定類型組的語言不需要與基因相關,即。兩種語言在類型學分類中與遺傳距離密切相關。對比語言學/分析是語言學中的一門學科,它與另一種比較有關。它既不關注歷史發展,也不關注描述基因關系的問題。對比分析是完全同步的。它與比較歷史語言學的范圍有所不同,因為它通常只關注兩種語言中的相應的子系統的比較。換句話說,對比分析研究的是同一時期使用的語言項目,而不是不同時期的語言項目。它包括比較和對比語言或語言的子系統,以確定它們的異同。因此,對比分析是建立在理論語言學和描述性語言學的基礎上的。它是基于前者,因為這些比較的成功或失敗依賴于所應用的理論;它基于后者,因為沒有對所研究的語言的先驗描述進行比較。對比分析有著悠久的歷史。早在公元1000年。D,英文的阿伯特·埃爾弗里克(c . 955 - c . 1010)寫了他的語法:一種拉丁語和英語語法,基于一種語言的語法知識促進了另一種語言的學習。此外,在17世紀,語法學家約翰·休格斯表達了這樣的觀點,即對本土語法的知識不僅能促進學習一門外語,昆士蘭代寫assignment:比較類型學.而且還能與之交流(干涉思想)。鑿”(1624)一個完美的調查的英語舌頭根據美國和analogie用拉丁文寫的,提出了基礎英語為了為學習者提供一個“正確知識owne母語的譴責,認為這霍爾頓的一個大區別selfe用拉丁文寫的方言”(如Krzeszowski引用,托馬斯,1990年,p . 02)。
昆士蘭代寫assignment:比較類型學
There are three types of comparative studies. They are comparative historical linguistics, comparative typological linguistics, and contrastive linguistics. Comparative historical linguistics developed in the 19th century, it aims to find the common genetic relatedness between groups of languages. Comparative typological linguistics classify languages according to the characteristics and features they share. Note that languages which belong to a given typological group do not need to be genetically related, i.e., two languages can be closely related in their typological classification regardless their genetic distance. Contrastive linguistics/analysis is a sub discipline in linguistics which is concerned with another kind of comparison. It is concerned neither with historical development nor with the problems of describing genetic relationships. Contrastive analysis is purely synchronic in its orientation. It differs in its scope from comparative historical linguistics, since it is typically concerned with a comparison of corresponding subsystems in only two languages. To put it differently, Contrastive analysis studies the language items used in the same period, not those items which exist in different periods. It involves comparing and contrasting languages or subsystems of languages in order to identify their similarities and differences. Accordingly, contrastive analysis is based on theoretical linguistics as well as descriptive linguistics. It is based on the former since the success or failure of these comparisons depends on the theory applied; and it is based on the latter since no comparison is to take place without a prior description of the languages under study.Contrastive analysis had a long history. As early as 1000 A.D, the English abbot Aelfric of Eynsham (c. 955 - c. 1010) wrote his Grammatica: a grammar of Latin and English, based on the assumption that the knowledge of grammar of one language facilitates the learning of the other. Additionally, in the 17th century, the grammarian John Hewes expresses the view that the knowledge of the native grammar cannot only facilitate learning a foreign language but also interface (the idea of interference) with it. Hewes' in his (1624) A Perfect Survey of the English Tongue taken according to the USA and analogie of the Latine, presented the fundamentals of English in order to provide the learner with a "Right knowledge censure of their owne mother tongue, in regard it holden a great difference in it selfe from the dialect of the Latine" (as cited in Krzeszowski, Tomasz, 1990, p. 02).

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